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Caribou have long been vital to the survival of Indigenous peoples in the north; the First Nations, Inuit, and Metis.

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Reasons for the drop in caribou populations are complicated. There is still some disagreement among scientific and Indigenous experts as to which factors are most important.


It is often said that forms of wildlife management are mostly not about managing the animals, but about managing people. Some Indigenous peoples find it disrespectful to even talk about managing caribou. In that spirit, this section is largely about managing human interventions that affect caribou.

Managing hunting

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Managing predators

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Range management

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News and resources

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Jay Macdonald: Our Commitment to Caribou Stewardship

A Minister's statement by NWT government Minister of Environment nd Climate Change focusing on barren ground caribou. The statement includes information about a public education campaign on respectful hunting, and plans to survey three herds found in the territoriy in summer of 2024.

contaminants and caribou declines

The reasons for the drastic decline of several barren ground caribou herds is difficult to unravel. There are suggestions from researchers and Indigenous knowledge holders that various factors may be to blame, including development on caribou ranges, hunting levels, predation, and several climate-driven changes including changes to forage and an increase in insect harassment. but what role may contaminants be playing in the decline of the herds? This 3':22" video addresses that question.

Usage: Non-commercial with attribution
Format: video