- Range: 663,810 km2
- Herd size (2018): 187,000, a drop from over 600,000 in the early 2000s.
The migration of the Leaf River subpopulation is approximately 1000 km, one of the longest known for caribou. The herd moves between the southwest and northeast of the Ungava Peninsula in Nunavik (northern Quebec) in the spring and fall.
A thriving sport-hunting business was once attached to this herd, but the sport hunt ended in 2018. The herd was also hunted commercially between 1994 and 2002.
Inuit communities have suggested that muskoxen displace the caribou from some sectors.
The Quebec government has attempted to protect the calving area of the herd with a legal designation that prohibits any human activity that may negatively affect caribou habitat between May 15th and July 15th. However, the area protected does not always coincide with the area being used for calving.
Where to spend the winter? The role of intraspecific competition and climate in determining the selection of wintering areas by migratory caribou
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