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We have included resources that are publicly available (open resources) and resources that are not publicly available (other resources). Those that are not available for free access are primarily academic journal articles that require either payment, or access granted through a post-secondary institution. 

We have also included a list of resources that were created for teachers and other educators. All the resources in this category are open.

We have not organized these resources according to the usual academic practice of listing them by author(s). Instead, we have provided a date for the resource, and a brief description of the information it contains.

This is not a list of all the possible resources on caribou. It is biased toward more recent resources, and more open access resources. If you think we’ve missed an important resource, please let us know.

Interview on Advisory Committee for Cooperation on Wildlife Management

Ever wonder how different jurisdictions cooperate on caribou management? Here's one example. An interview with Jody Pellissey, Executive Director of the Wekʼèezhìi Renewable Resources Board about the Advisory Committee for Cooperation on Wildlife Management (ACCWM). It was created to share information and coordinate wildlife management between wildlife management boards in the NWT and Nunavut, with a particular focus on the management of transboundary caribou herds.
(2020)

Report to the Hunters of the Qamanirjuaq Caribou May 2020

A brief Northern Contaminants Program report on the Qamanirjuaq caribou herd. The report has not found any significant change in levels of the contaminants monitored in the samples from 2018.
Northern contaminants program (2020)

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Beverly and QaminirjuaqPeopleContaminants

Boreal Caribou Can Coexist with Natural but Not Industrial Disturbances

An academic paper looking at the cumulative impacts of industrial development on woodland caribou in Alberta. The paper concludes that caribou populations are being driven down by the cumulative effects of industrial development, mostly related to oil and gas
the journal of wildlife management (2020)

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Range managementHuman disturbance

Report to the Hunters of the Qamanirjuaq Caribou May 2020 - Inuktitut

A brief Northern Contaminants Program report in Inuktitut on the Qamanirjuaq caribou herd. The report has not found any significant change in levels of the contaminants monitored in the samples from 2018.
Northern contaminants program (2020)

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Beverly and QaminirjuaqPeopleContaminants

Interchange and Overlap Among Four Adjacent Arctic Caribou Herds

This academic paper looks at four barren-ground caribou herds in Alaska (including the Porcupine herd that ranges into northern Canada) to try to understand how often individuals change herds. Of the four herds studied, the Porcupine herd had the lowest incidence of caribou joining another herd. The authors concluded, "There was greater herd interchange from the 2 smaller herds to the 2 larger herds, indicating a tendency of caribou to join larger groups or move to areas of higher caribou density."
(2020)

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Format: web

PorcupineBarren-groundRange management

Biotic interactions govern the distribution of coexisting ungulates in the Arctic Archipelago – A case for conservation planning

An academic paper looking at what might best predict habitat for Peary caribou and muskox in the Canadian Arctic Archipelago. the paper models what it considers likely key habitat for both species in late winter, and notes that most of this habitat is outside of protected areas.
(2020)

Usage: Attribution
Format: web

PearyRange managementClimate change

advisory committee for cooperation on wildlife management

This is the site for the Advisory Committee for Cooperation on Wildlife Management. It was established to exchange information, help develop cooperation and consensus, and make recommendations regarding wildlife and wildlife habitat issues that cross land claim and treaty boundaries in the Northwest Territories. The committee includes the Wildlife Management Advisory Council (NWT), Gwich’in Renewable Resources Board, Ɂehdzo Got’ı̨nę Gots’ę́ Nákedı (Sahtú Renewable Resources Board), Wek’èezhìi Renewable Resources Board, Kitikmeot Regional Wildlife Board, and Tuktut Nogait National Park Management Board. The ACCWM covers three caribou herds, the Bluenose east and west herds, and Cape Bathurst.
(2020)

Large‐scale prion protein genotyping in Canadian caribou populations and potential impact on chronic wasting disease susceptibility

This academic paper is about chronic wasting disease, a brain disease that affects members of the deer family. It has not been found in Canadian caribou yet, but has been found in deer. The genetic makeup of different caribou subspecies is thought to influence their vulnerability to chronic wasting disease. This paper suggests that barren-ground caribou may be less vulnerable than the woodland and mountain caribou.
(2020)

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Barren-groundRange managementNatural factors

Aerial Survey of the George River Caribou Herd - July 2020

A 15':30" movie of a powerpoint presentation on the 2020 survey of the George River Caribou herd. The survey estimates the herd is up to 8,100 from 5,500 in 2018. Most of the increase is thought to be due to a higher calving rate. The "results' section starts about 7':47" in. This is the first time time in 20 years that herd numbers have trended upwards.
Government of Newfoundland and Labrador (2020)

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Format: video

George River

"You can never replace the caribou": Inuit Experiences of Ecological Grief from Caribou Declines

A 59-page academic paper on the effects of caribou declines on Inuit in Nunatsiavut and NunatuKavut (Labrador). The paper discusses their grief and cultural loss.
American Imago, Volume 77, Number 1, Spring 2020, pp. 31-59 (2020)

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Format: pdf

George RiverLeaf RiverResourcesPeople

“We’re Made Criminals Just to Eat off the Land”: Colonial Wildlife Management and Repercussions on Inuit Well-Being

This academic article looks at management of the Mealy Mountain Herd of woodland caribou in Nunatsiavut (Labrador), and the impacts of the management on Inuit in the nearby community of Rigolet. While the herd is not not covered by this site, the article raises issues of the exclusion of local people from meaningful input into management of the herd that have echoes across the northern caribou range. It concludes, "...the multi-generational and enduring negative effects of exclusionary and discriminatory Western management policies, enacted with little to no Indigenous involvement or consideration, is clear in this research, and illustrates not only the limitations of many western approaches to wildlife management, but the need for rectification and redress."
(2020)

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George RiverManaging huntingPeople

Łutsël K’é Dene First Nation’s Caribou Stewardship Plan

A 47-page 2020 Caribou stewardship plan from the Łutsël K’é Dene First Nation (NWT). The “Yúnethé Xá Ɂetthën Hádı” plan covers the Bathurst, Beverly, Ahiak, and Qamanirjuaq herds.
Łutsël K’é Dene First Nation (2020)

State-dependent foraging by caribou with different nutritional requirements

A 14-page academic paper that examines the connection between the physiological state of caribou and how they feed. The paper says, "Foraging time by caribou was partially state-dependent, highlighting the importance of accounting for physiological state in studies of animal behavior. Fine-scale foraging behaviors may influence larger-scale behavioral strategies, with potential implications for conservation and management."
Journal of Mammalogy (2020)

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Range managementResources

Report to the Hunters of the Lorillard Caribou May 2020

A brief report from the Northern Contaminants Program on contaminants in the Lorillard herd. The animals were sampled in 2018. The report concludes, "Although it is difficult to come to any firm conclusions based on only four animals, we can say that contaminant levels in the Lorillard Caribou are similar to those in other Arctic herds. There have been no health advisories issued on any Nunavut caribou."
(2020)

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Barren-groundLorillardPeopleContaminants

Merging indigenous and scientific knowledge links climate with the growth of a large migratory caribou population

This academic paper collected both scientific and traditional knowledge inputs about the state of the Porcupine caribou herd over ten years. The study "...indicates that a large migratory caribou population can grow and improve condition in a global context of caribou decline and climate warming, thereby warning against generalizations about the influence of climate on all caribou populations."
(2020)

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PorcupineClimate change

caribou and sea ice crossings near Gjoa Haven

This is part of a project website (www.straightupnorth.ca) for community-based research in Inuit Nunangat (areas where Inuit live in Canada). The caribou project looked at caribou's use of ice crossings near Gjoa Haven, Nunavut, and how changing sea ice conditions and ship traffic could affect those crossings.
(2020)

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Range managementClimate changeHuman disturbance

Report to the Hunters of the Lorillard Caribou May 2020 - Inuktitut

A brief report in Inuktitut from the Northern Contaminants Program on contaminants in the Lorillard herd. The animals were sampled in 2018. The report concludes, "Although it is difficult to come to any firm conclusions based on only four animals, we can say that contaminant levels in the Lorillard Caribou are similar to those in other Arctic herds. There have been no health advisories issued on any Nunavut caribou."
(2020)

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Barren-groundLorillardPeopleContaminants

Ecological insights from three decades of animal movement tracking across a changing Arctic

This academic article summarizes trends in long-term data on a variety of Arctic species movements, including barren-ground Caribou. It found, "Barren-ground caribou calved later despite occupying a similar latitudinal range as the northern boreal caribou (Fig. 3). Most importantly, barren-ground and northern woodland caribou, but not southern woodland caribou, exhibited significant trends toward earlier parturition [0.4 to 1.1 days/year (table S10)]. This is the first continental-scale retrospective evidence of potential adaptive responses to climate trends by caribou."
science magazine (2020)

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Barren-groundClimate change

Report to the Hunters of the Sanikiluaq Reindeer

A brief report from the Northern Contaminants Program to the people who hunt reindeer in Sanikiluaq. The reports says most contaminants in local reindeer are similar to those found in other caribou herds in the Canadian Arctic, although levels of some contaminants in Sanikiluaq reindeer were slightly higher than average.
(2020)

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PeopleContaminants

Population Estimate of the Dolphin and Union Caribou herd (Rangifer tarandus groenlandicus x pearyi) Coastal Survey, October 2018 and Demographic Indicators

This 49 page (in English) report contains executive summaries in Inuktitut (both syllabics and western orthography). It shows that the Dophin and Union herd has declined to an estimated 4,105 in 2018, down from 17,000 in 2015. The Dophin and Union herd is unique, being neither barren-ground nor Peary caribou. It migrates between Victoria Island and the mainland. 
Government of Nunavut (2020)

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Dolphin and UnionClimate changeHunting

Extirpation despite regulation? Environmental assessment and caribou

This is an academic paper, but written in accessible language about the shortcomings of environmental assessment as a tool for caribou conservation. It concentrates mostly on woodland caribou, but the discussion is broadly applicable to any developments in caribou habitat.
Conservation Science and Practice (2020)

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Range managementResourcesHuman disturbance

Report to the Hunters of the Sanikiluaq Reindeer - Inuktitut

A brief report in Inuktitut from the Northern Contaminants Program to the people who hunt reindeer in Sanikiluaq. The reports says most contaminants in local reindeer are similar to those found in other caribou herds in the Canadian Arctic, although levels of some contaminants in Sanikiluaq reindeer were slightly higher than average.
(2020)

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PeopleContaminants

Contaminants in Arctic Caribou Synopsis Report 2019-20

A 9 page synopsis report of the Arctic Caribou Contaminant Monitoring Program. The program covers several Arctic herds. It concludes, "Levels of most contaminants measured in caribou kidneys were not of concern toxicologically, although renal [kidney] mercury and cadmium concentrations may cause some concern for human health depending on the quantity of organs consumed. Yukon Health has advised restricting intake of kidney and liver from Yukon caribou, the recommended maximum varying depending on herd (e.g. a maximum of 25 Porcupine cariboukidneys/year). The health advisory confirms that heavy metals are very low in the meat (muscle) from caribouand this remains a healthy food choice. There have been no health advisories issued for caribou in NWT or Nunavut."
Northern contaminants program (2020)

study on advancing migration, calving dates for Qamanirjuaq caribou

This academic study says Qamanirjuaq caribou are migrating and calving earlier, matching earlier greening uo of calving grounds. The authors think this may show caribou are more resilient to climate change.
(2020)

RECOVERY STRATEGY FOR BARREN-GROUND CARIBOU In the Northwest Territories

This 70-page recovery strategy for barren-gound caribou in the Northwest Territories lays out plans to help the eight herds covered by the strategy. The strategy was required by the NWT Species at Risk Act after the barren-ground caribou were listed as "threatened" in 2018. The governments and co-management boards that developed the strategy have until April 9, 2021 to agree on the implementation of the recovery strategy. 
Conference of Management Authorities (2020)

Renal trace elements in barren-ground caribou subpopulations: Temporal trends and differing effects of sex, age and season

An academic paper that looks at the level of some metals in kidneys of some northern caribou. It found that copper levels are decreasing in the caribou kidneys, possibly due to changes in what caribou are eating. The paper concludes, "Declining Cu concentrations in caribou are of concern as low levels could potentially negatively affect reproduction and therefore caribou at a population level."
Science of the Total Environment (2020)

Estimates of breeding females & adult herd size

This report on a 2018 survey of the Bluenose-east herd showed the herd has shrubk by 50% since the last survey in 2015.
Government of the Northwest Territories (2019)

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Bluenose East

Vulnerability analysis of the Porcupine Caribou Herd to potential development of the 1002 lands in the Arctic National Wildlife Refuge, Alaska

A 2019 “vulnerability analysis” on the Porcupine caribou herd (PCH) assessing its vulnerability to oil and gas development in the herd’s calving grounds in Alaska. The analysis found that “...the percent probability of the PCH dropping into Orange and Red Zones (where legislated harvest restrictions are imposed) is increased by 10% -18% (Alt D2-Alt B) compared to baseline conditions.”
Yukon Department of Environment (2019)

2019 report to the hunters of the Dolphin and Union herd

Two-page summary report to hunters of the Dolphin and Union caribou herd on research into contaminants in the herd
(2019)

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Dolphin and UnionContaminants

Recovery strategy for Barren-Ground caribou

This 62-page 2019 draft recovery strategy for barren-ground caribou in the NWT was produced by the group of wildlife boards and governments responsible for the conservation and recovery of species at risk in the NWT.
Government of the Northwest Territories (2019)

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Barren-groundManaging huntingManaging predatorsRange management

BATHURST CARIBOU RANGE PLAN SUMMARY

This 8-page document from 2019 is a simple summary of the Bathurst caribou range plan.
Government of the Northwest Territories (2019)

Bathhurst Caribou: Range Plan

This lengthy range plan for the Bathurst Herd includes a summary in French.
Government of the Northwest Territories (2019)

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Bathurst

Boots On The Ground: Wolves and Caribou

A four minute video with English subtitles showing wolves attacking a caribou herd in the Northwest Territories
Tłı̨chǫ Government (2019)

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Format: video

KEEYASK GENERATION PROJECT TERRESTRIAL EFFECTS MONITORING PLAN REPORT - CARIBOU WINTER ABUNDANCE ESTIMATE 2019

this 48 page report is part of a multi-year monitoring plan designed to assess the effects on caribou of construction and operation of the Keeyask hydro project. The project is on the Nelson River in Northeast Manitoba. The project area is used by the qamanirjuaq herd, as well as two herds of Eastern migratory caribou in the Hudson Bay region. The report concludes that it is difficult to tell what influence the project has had on caribou crossing affected water bodies, but that it appears construction access roads had minimal impacts on their movements.
(2019)

WRRB Reasons for Decision Final Report – Kǫ̀ k’èetı̀ ekwǫ̀ (Bathurst Caribou) Herd

A 2019 report from the Wek’èezhìı Renewable Resources Board detailing its response to management plans for the Bathurst herd put forward by the Tlicho Government and the Government of the Northwest Territories.
Wekʼèezhìi Renewable Resources Board (WRRB) (2019)

Fire and lichen dynamics in the Taiga Shield of the Northwest Territories and implications for barren‐ground caribou winter forage

A 2019 academic paper on the effects of fires on the quality of forage in the winter range of the Bathurst herd in the NWT
University of North British Columbia (UNBC) (2019)

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Bathurst

How we count caribou: calving ground photo survey

This video explains the Calving Ground Photo Survey method used to count Bathurst and Bluenose-East caribou.
Government of the Northwest Territories (2019)

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BathurstBluenose East

Where to spend the winter? The role of intraspecific competition and climate in determining the selection of wintering areas by migratory caribou

A 2019 academic paper on the effects of competition between different caribou herds in choosing winter ranges. The paper focuses on the George River and Leaf River herds.
(2019)

Bathurst range plan (draft) - What we heard

A 21-page 2019 report on the results of the public engagement by the Government of the Northwest Terriotries on the Bathurst caribou herd range plan. The document summarizes the views that were heard but does not quote them.
Government of the Northwest Territories (2019)

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Bathurst

Report to the Hunters of the Ahiak Caribou – Feb 2019

The Northern Contaminants Program monitors contaminants in Arctic Caribou in Canada.
(2019)

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AhiakPeopleContaminants

About BQCMB

This seven-minute video explains the work of the Beverley and Qamanirjuaq caribou management board. Suitable for older grades, perhaps from grades 6-12.
Beverly and Qamanirjuaq Caribou Management Board (2019)

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Beverly and Qaminirjuaq

Porcupine caribou resources and tools

This is a web page on which you can search for categorized information on the Porcupine caribou herd.
Porcupine Caribou Management Board (2019)

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PorcupineBarren-ground

Bathurst mobile conservation zone

A web page that explains and updates the mobile conservation zone
Government of the Northwest Territories (2019)

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Bathurst

Report to the Hunters of the Bluenose West Caribou – Feb 2019

The Northern Contaminants Program monitors contaminants in Arctic Caribou in Canada.
(2019)

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Bluenose WestPeopleContaminants

Tactical departures and strategic arrivals: Divergent effects of climate and weather on caribou spring migrations

A 2019 academic paper that looks at factors affecting caribou migration timing and speed. The paper concludes that  later arrival at calving grounds might indicate that females are in worse condition, and that calving and calf survival rates might be lower.
(2019)

Inuktitut summary report on contaminants in the Dolphin and Union caribou herd

A two-page summary report in Inuktitut on contaminants in the Dolphin and Union caribou herd
(2019)

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Dolphin and UnionContaminants

Gwich’in Knowledge of Porcupine caribou

A thorough and very informative 2019 book of Gwich’in traditional knowledge of the Porcupine caribou. It includes information on hunting practices, on the uses of the caribou, caribou tanning, caribou clothing, how the caribou influenced seasonal movements, and caribou management
Gwich’in Tribal Council (2019)

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PorcupinePeople

Inuktitut summary report on contaminants in the Ahiak herd

A two-page summary report in Inuktitut on contaminants in the Ahiak caribou herd
(2019)

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AhiakContaminants

Aerial Survey of Muskoxen (Ovibos moschatus) and Peary Caribou (Rangifer tarandus pearyi) on Northwest Victoria Island, April-May 2015

A 2019 report on a 2016 sruvey of Peary Caribou and muskoxen on northwest Victoria Island. Thousands of muskoxen were seen, but only two caribou.
Government of the Northwest Territories (2019)

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PearyNatural factors

Report to the Hunters of the Porcupine Caribou – February 2019

With the help of local hunters, we have been taking samples of the Porcupine caribou since 1991. We collect these samples to study changes in the level of contaminants kidneys and livers of caribou.
(2019)

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PorcupinePeopleContaminants

Synopsis Report 2018/19 Arctic Caribou Contaminant Monitoring Program

This project studies contaminant levels in caribou in the Canadian Arctic to determine if these populations remain healthy (in terms of contaminant loads), whether these important resources remain safe and healthy food choices for northerners and if contaminant levels are changing over time.
(2019)

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PorcupineBeverly and QaminirjuaqPeopleContaminants

Public opinion about caribou protection in Canada’s North

A 2019 poll on protection of caribou. The poll of people in northern regions was commissioned by WWF Canada. It found almost 90% wanted protection for caribou calving grounds.
WWF (2019)


Format: pdf

Range management

Barren-ground Caribou Co-Management in the NWT

A 21-page booklet explaining the different responsibilities and authroities for managing all of the barren-ground caribou herds in the NWT. It includes information on responsibilities for herds that cross borders.
Government of the Northwest Territories (2019)

Report to the Hunters of the Qamanirjuaq Caribou – Feb 2019

With the help of local hunters, we have been taking kidney, liver and muscle samples of Qamanirjuaq caribou since 2006. We collect these samples to study changes in the levels of contaminants in kidneys and livers of caribou. These contaminants may be carried to the Arctic by wind.
(2019)

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Beverly and QaminirjuaqBarren-groundPeopleContaminants

Caribou Use of Habitat Near Energy Development in Arctic Alaska

A 2019 academic paper that looked at the responses of a herd in Alaska to oil and gas development. It says there is growing evidence that caribou do not get used to such developments, and continue to avoid them, reducing the range available to the caribou and disturbing their movements.
(2019)

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PorcupineHuman disturbance

2019 report to the hunters of the Qamanirjuaq herd - Inuktitut

2 page summary report to hunters of the Qamanirjuaq herd in Inuktitut reporting on research into contaminants in the herd.
(2019)

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Beverly and QaminirjuaqPeopleContaminants

Fall Population Estimate of the Dolphin and Union Caribou herd (Rangifer tarandus groenlandicus x pearyi) Victoria Island, October 2015 And Demographic Population Indicators 2015-2017

2018 Nunavut government assessment of the state of the Dolphin and Union caribou herd
(2018)

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Dolphin and Union

Inuit Approaches to Naming and Distinguishing Caribou: Considering Language, Place, and Homeland toward Improved Co-management

A 2018 academic paper focusing on the caribou naming practices of Inuit in Uqsuqtuuq (Gjoa Haven, Nunavut). It suggests management authorities and biologists might better understand local input and knowledge if they know more about how Inuit see and name caribou.
(2018)


Format: pdf

People

Muskox and Caribou

A 2018 2-page fact sheet on competition between muskoxen and caribou, focused mostly on the Porcupine herd range. It concludes that, “...the two species are not likely to compete with each other for resources or range.”
Wildlife Management Advisory Council, North Slope (2018)

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Caribou (Rangifer tarandus) and Inuit Nutrition Security in Canada

A 2018 academic paper examining the relationship between Inuit nutrition and caribou. It found that “Caribou was the top dietary source of protein in Nunavut (up to 35% of total intake) and the ISR [Inuvialuit Settlement Region]  and the second-most important in Nunatsiavut.
(2018)


Format: pdf

People

Human disturbance effects and cumulative habitat loss in endangered migratory caribou

A 2018 academic paper to assess the effects of human disturbance on barren-ground caribou herds. This study focuses on the Leaf River and George River herds in northern Quebec and Labrador. The paper finds caribou do avoid human disturbance but makes no findings on the impacts to the health of the two herds
Université Laval (2018)

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Barren-groundGeorge RiverLeaf River

Population structure of caribou in an ice-bound archipelago

This 2018 academic paper suggests that, based on genetics, the Baffin Island population of caribou should be treated as a separate “designatable unit” under the classification system for the Committee on the Status of Endangered Wildlife in Canada (COSEWIC). This would have implications for management of caribou on the island.
(2018)

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Baffin IslandRange management

Caribou (Eastern Migratory population)

A brief Ontario government web page on eastern migratory caribou. The range of one of the herds (the Southern Hudson Bay subpopulation) extends into Ontario.
Government of Ontario (2018)

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Eastern Migratory

Mercury in Seaweed, Lichens and Mushrooms from the Home Range of the Qamanirjuaq Caribou

Qamanirjuaq caribou have higher mercury concentrations than many other Arctic caribou herds. Usually, caribou get most of their mercury from lichens, but local elders described the Qamanirjuaq caribou eating seaweed from the seashore. Since seaweed is known to accumulate some metals, it was hypothesized that the caribou may be getting additional mercury from this source.
(2018)

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Beverly and QaminirjuaqContaminants

Barren-ground Caribou Surveys - English

A 1':25" 2018 video with subtitles from the Government of the Northwest Territories showing and explaining the aerial surveys of barren-ground caribou in 2018.
Government of the Northwest Territories (2018)

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BathurstBluenose East

Undermining subsistence: Barren-ground caribou in a “tragedy of open access”

This 2018 academic paper argues that human disturbance, not subsistence hunting is the prime driver of caribou decline. It focuses primarily on the Bathurst Caribou Herd, shared between the NWT and Nunavut
Various (2018)

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Barren-groundBathurst

Plain Language Summary: Mercury in Seaweed, Lichens and Mushrooms from the Home Range of the Qamanirjuaq Caribou

The Qamanirjuaq caribou have higher mercury concentrations than some other caribou in the Arctic. Usually, caribou get most of the mercury they eat from lichens, but at community meetings in Kivalliq, elders described caribou eating seaweed. Since seaweed absorbs some metals, the caribou may be getting additional mercury from seaweed.
(2018)

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Contaminants

Statutory Report on Wildlife to the Legislative Assembly of Nunavut Section 176 of the Wildlife Act 2018

A 2018 report to the Nunavut Legislative Assembly on the state of wildlife in the territory. It includes a table (pp. 77-78) that lists “estimated demand for caribou, by herd, and the estimated level of capacity of that species to meet the demand.” The table shows that in many cases, demand exceeds capacity.
Government of Nunavut (2018)


Format: pdf

People

Wolves Hunt Caribou In Quebec’s Northern Forest

An almost 5 minute video clip showing wolves hunting caribou, focuses on the wolves’ hunting techniques. 
CBC (2018)


Format: video

Natural factors

Indigenous leadership in caribou conservation

A series of 14 interviews with northern Indigenous people talking about caribou and Indigenous knowledge, recorded during the 2018 North American Caribou Workshop. Interviews range from just under 8 minutes to more than 45 minutes.
IsumaTV (2018)

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Barren-groundPeople

Boots on the Ground Caribou Monitoring Program

a 2':49" 2018 video that talks about the "boots on the ground" program to monitor Bathurst caribou, a partnership between the Tli'cho government and the Government of the Northwest Territories.
Government of the Northwest Territories (2018)

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Bathurst

Maps of the Leaf River Herd Migration

This site has monthly maps of the migration of the Leaf River herd for 2017-2018.
Government of Quebec (2018)

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Leaf River

Caribou eaters

The Etthén Heldeli (Caribou Eaters) documentary produced in 2018 follows Dene caribou hunters who rely on the Ahiak, Qamanirjuaq, and Beverly herds. This website contains several resources associated with the documentary, including shorter (3-5 minute) videos.
(2018)


Format: web

People

Local knowledge to enhance wildlife population health surveillance: Conserving muskoxen and caribou in the Canadian Arctic

This 2018 academic paper argues for the value of using local knowledge in monitoring caribou populations.
(2018)


Format: web

Baffin Island

mercury in seaweed - inuktitut

This two-page plain language summary in Inuktitut talks about mercury in seaweed and other food eaten by caribou in the Qamanirjuaq herd.
(2018)

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Beverly and QaminirjuaqContaminants

Statutory Report on Wildlife to the Legislative Assembly of Nunavut

A 2018 report to the Nunavut Legislative on the state of wildlife in the territory. It includes a table (pp. 77-78) that lists “estimated demand for caribou, by herd, and the estimated level of capacity of that species to meet the demand.” The table shows that in many cases, demand exceeds capacity.
Government of Nunavut (2018)

Usage: Non-commercial with attribution
Format: pdf

Managing hunting

Reindeer and Caribou: Health and Disease

This 2018 academic book is devoted entirely to health and disease in caribou and reindeer and includes information on the likely effects of climate change on diseases
Various (2018)

Usage: Non-commercial with attribution
Format: web

FACT SHEET: Bluenose-East Caribou

2-page fact sheet on the Bluenose-east herd.
Government of the Northwest Territories (2018)

Usage: Non-commercial with attribution
Format: pdf

Bluenose East

Barren-ground Caribou Survey Results FAQ

A 6-page document on the barren-ground caribou surveys conducted by the Government of the Northwest Territories in 2018.
Government of the Northwest Territories (2018)

Usage: Non-commercial with attribution
Format: pdf

Barren-groundHunting

Innu Nation threatening future of George River caribou

A news release from the Nunatsiavut Government talking about the strained relations with the neighboring Innu over hunting of the George River herd.
Nunatsiavut Government (2018)

Usage: Non-commercial with attribution
Format: pdf

George RiverHunting

Management Plan for Dolphin and Union Caribou in the NWT and Nunavut

This long 2018 management plan for Dolphin and Union Caribou is a joint effort between the NWT and Nunavut governments in cooperation with the Canadian government and several other organizations from both Nunavut and the Inuvialuit settlement area.  It details threats and proposed management actions.
Government of the Northwest Territories (2018)

Management Plan for the Dolphin and Union Caribou (Rangifer tarandus groenlandicus x pearyi) in the Northwest Territories and Nunavut

This long management plan for Dolphin and Union Caribou is a joint effort between the NWT and Nunavut governments in cooperation with the Canadian government and several other organizations from both Nunavut and the Inuvialuit settlement area. It details threats and proposed management actions.
Government of the Northwest Territories (2018)

Usage: Non-commercial with attribution
Format: pdf

Dolphin and Union

SPECIES STATUS REPORT: Porcupine Caribou and Barren-ground Caribou

A lengthy NWT government Species at Risk assessment of barren-ground caribou and Porcupine caribou. It classifies the Porcupine caribou as “not at risk” in the NWT, and the other herds as “threatened” within the NWT. The assessment contains parallel tables that compare Indigenous and scientific knowledge on aspects of the caribou.
Government of the Northwest Territories (2017)

Usage: Non-commercial with attribution
Format: pdf

PorcupineBeverly and QaminirjuaqBarren-ground

Action Plan for the Bluenose-East Caribou Herd

A 56-page action plan for the Bluenose-east herd prepared by the wildlife management boards with stewardship responsibilities for barren-ground caribou and their habitat in the Northwest Territories and Nunavut. This is a follow-up to the 2014 management plan, "Taking Care of Caribou".
Wekʼèezhìi Renewable Resources Board (WRRB) (2017)

Does Dust from Arctic Mines Affect Caribou Forage?

A 2017 paper assessing the impacts of dust from a mining haul road in the NWT on vegetation used by caribou. The paper concluded that dust from the road negatively affected the vegetation within a range of one kilometre.
(2017)


Format: web

Human disturbance

Management Plan for Peary Caribou in Nunavut

A 2017 lengthy Nunavut government submission to the Nunavut Wildlife Management Board on a management plan for Peary Caribou in Nunavut. The plan was to run from 2014-2020. It divides the caribou in Nunavut into nine different management units, and makes recommendations on harvest for each unit, and some other management actions that cover the whole population. Also includes a lot of feedback from community sources as it includes a consultation report.
(2017)

Usage: Non-commercial with attribution
Format: pdf

PearyManaging hunting

You Can Make a Difference - Caribou For the Future

This 23-minute video from 2017 was produced by the Beverly and Qamanirjuaq Caribou Management Board. It includes several clips featuring Indigenous people who rely on the caribou herds.
Beverly and Qamanirjuaq Caribou Management Board (2017)

Usage: Non-commercial with attribution
Format: video

Beverly and QaminirjuaqPeople

Action Plan for the Bluenose-West Caribou Herd

A 62-page action plan for the Bluenose-west herd prepared by the wildlife management boards with stewardship responsibilities for barren-ground caribou and their habitat in the Northwest Territories and Nunavut. This is a follow-up to the 2014 management plan, "Taking Care of Caribou".
Wekʼèezhìi Renewable Resources Board (WRRB) (2017)

The Importance of Respectful Harvest

This 12 minute video is part one of the "You can make a difference" video produced by the Beverly and Qamanirjuaq Caribou Management Board.
Beverly and Qamanirjuaq Caribou Management Board (2017)

Usage: Non-commercial with attribution
Format: video

Beverly and QaminirjuaqManaging huntingPeopleHunting

Action Plan for the Cape Bathurst Caribou Herd

A 62-page action plan for the Cape Bathurst herd prepared by the wildlife management boards with stewardship responsibilities for barren-ground caribou and their habitat in the Northwest Territories and Nunavut. This is a follow-up to the 2014 management plan, "Taking Care of Caribou".
Wekʼèezhìi Renewable Resources Board (WRRB) (2017)

North America's Largest Herd of Caribou on the Move (360 Video)

A short 360 degree video showing migratory caribou in Nunavik moving toward calving grounds. It has commentary by David Suzuki giving some facts about the caribou.
CBC (2017)


Format: video

Eastern Migratory

Wapusk National Park: Curious Caribou

A brief 2017 web feature on the herd. It is part of the Wapusk National Park website
Parks Canada (2017)

Usage: Non-commercial with attribution
Format: web

Cape Churchill

Cumulative Effects

This 10-minute video is part three of the "You can make a difference" video produced by the Beverly and Qamanirjuaq Caribou Management Board.
Beverly and Qamanirjuaq Caribou Management Board (2017)

Usage: Non-commercial with attribution
Format: video

Beverly and QaminirjuaqManaging huntingHunting

Observed and predicted effects of climate change on Arctic caribou and reindeer

A 2017 academic paper that suggests climate effects on Arctic caribou and reindeer may balance out due to longer access to summer forage balancing the negative effects of climate change, though it also points out that climate effects are going to be different across the caribou range
University of Alberta (2017)

Usage: Non-commercial with attribution
Format: web

The Importance of Harvest Reporting

This 8-minute video is part two of the "You can make a difference" video produced by the Beverly and Qamanirjuaq Caribou Management Board  
Beverly and Qamanirjuaq Caribou Management Board (2017)

Usage: Non-commercial with attribution
Format: video

Beverly and QaminirjuaqManaging huntingHunting

COSEWIC Assessment and Status Report on the Caribou (Rangifer tarandus) Dolphin and Union population in Canada 2017

Canadian Wildlife Service (CWS) (2017)

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Format: web

Dolphin and Union

A long time ago in the future: caribou and the people of Ungava

This document is the 2017 Ungava Peninsula Caribou Aboriginal Round Table strategy, devised by the several indigenous governments and organizations that share the herds. It has five action plans, listed in order of priority: 1) Indigenous Sharing Agreement; 2) Research and Monitoring Plan; 3) Habitat Management and Environmental Impact Plan; 4) Stewardship,Engagement, and Communication Plan; and, 5) Social and Economic Plan
NunatuKavut Community Council (2017)

Usage: Non-commercial with attribution
Format: pdf

Managing huntingRange management

Caribou Sex Identification Card - Carte postale : Identification du caribou

A poster showing how to tell the difference between male and female caribou.  
Government of the Northwest Territories (2017)

Usage: Non-commercial with attribution
Format: pdf

Hunting

NIRB Project Certificate No. 007

A 61-page 2017 document from the Nunavut Impact Review Board detailing the terms and conditions for approval of the Sabina Gold and Silver Corp’s Back River gold-mining project. The terms and conditions include several conditions relating to caribou protection
Nunavut Impact Review Board (NIRB) (2017)

Usage: Non-commercial with attribution
Format: pdf

Wolf Technical Feasibility Assessment: Options for Managing Wolves on the Range of the Bathurst Barren-ground Caribou Herd

A 2017 assessment of options for wolf control on the range of the Bathurst caribou herd. Assessment criteria include humaneness, efficiency, effectiveness, and risks.
Wekʼèezhìi Renewable Resources Board (WRRB) (2017)

Determining Optimal Radio Collar Sample Sizes for Monitoring Barren-ground Caribou Populations

A 40-page 2017 academic study discussing how many radio collars would be necessary to track particular herds in the Northwest Territories.
Government of the Northwest Territories (2017)

Usage: Non-commercial with attribution
Format: pdf

Barren-ground

Demography of an increasing caribou herd with restricted wolf control: Caribou Demography and Wolves

A 2017 academic paper on the Fortymile herd focusing on wolf predation and the impact of overgrazing on herd size. The paper counters earlier opinions that wolf control (lethal and non-lethal) had a significant impact on the herd’s growth. Paper available on request.
(2017)

Usage: On request
Format: web

FortymileManaging predatorsNatural factors

Mining Development, Migratory Caribou, and Land Use in Northern Québec

A 2017 interactive web-based resource that covers the George River and Leaf River caribou herds. The resource has various narratives about the herds, as well as maps that show the range of the caribou and how that overlaps with other things such as mining development, potential mining development and protected areas
Université Laval (2017)

Usage: Non-commercial with attribution
Format: web

Report to the Hunters of the Kivalliq Region Contaminants in Qamanirjuaq Caribou – September 2017

With the help of local hunters, we have been taking kidney, liver and muscle samples of Qamanirjuaq caribou since 2006. We collect these samples to study changes in the amount of contaminants such as mercury and lead in kidneys of caribou. These contaminants may be carried to the Arctic by wind.
(2017)

Usage: Non-commercial with attribution
Format: pdf

Beverly and QaminirjuaqBarren-groundPeopleContaminants

Detection of rain-on-snow (ROS) events and ice layer formation using passive microwave radiometry: A context for Peary caribou habitat in the Canadian Arctic

A 2017 academic paper that talks about the relationship between incidents of rain-on-snow and icing and Peary caribou populations.
(2017)


Format: pdf

Peary

Measurements of cesium in Arctic beluga and caribou before and after the Fukushima accident of 2011

Concern from northern communities following the Fukushima Daiichi nuclear accident of March 2011 has prompted a reassessment of the safety of their traditional foods with respect to radioactivity levels. To this end, a study was conducted to measure the levels of radionuclides in Arctic caribou (Rangifer tarandus) and beluga (Delphinapterus leucas).
(2016)

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Format: pdf

PorcupineThreatsContaminants

Contaminants in two West Greenland caribou populations

Two caribou populations in West Greenland were sampled and the kidneys, liver and muscle analyzed for contaminants, including aluminum, arsenic, cadmium, copper, lead, mercury, selenium and zinc. Although close in proximity, the two populations are topographically separated by an ice cap, which creates different climates and vegetation types in each region. Contaminant levels reflected the differing diets of the two caribou populations.
(2016)

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Format: pdf

Contaminants

COSEWIC Assessment and Status Report on the Caribou (Rangifer tarandus), Barren-ground population in Canada - 2016

The 2016 assessment report on barren-ground caribou prepared by the Committee on the Status of Endangered Species in Canada (COSEWIC). It is a long, thorough and quite technical overview. It resulted in the Canadian populations of barren-ground caribou being designated “threatened” under the federal government system
Canadian Wildlife Service (CWS) (2016)

Loss of connectivity among island-dwelling Peary caribou following sea ice decline

2016 scientific paper on the potential of climate change to make Peary caribou on the Canadian Arctic islands more isolated due to reduced periods of safe sea ice crossings. This isolation could make them more vulnerable.
Various (2016)

Usage: Non-commercial with attribution
Format: web

Peary

General Approach to Harvest Modeling for Barren-ground Caribou Herds in the NWT and Recommendations on Harvest Based on Risk Status

A 39-page academic paper from 2016 designed to help assess the impact of hunting on barren-ground caribou herds, based on the population size and trend of a given herd.
Government of the Northwest Territories (2016)

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Format: pdf

Barren-groundManaging huntingHunting

Peary Caribou and Muskox Survey of the Melville-Prince Patrick Complex, Northwest Territories and Nunavut Summer 2012

A 21-page 2016 report on a 2012 aerial survey of Peary caribou and muskoxen on several Arctic islands shared by the NWT and Nunavut.
Government of the Northwest Territories (2016)

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Format: pdf

PearyWestern Queen ElizabethNatural factors

Report on the Bathurst Caribou Range Plan Traditional Knowledge Workshop 2016

Compendium of Indigenous knowledge centred around the Bathurst caribou herd, including perspectives of First Nations, Metis, and Inuit. “The purpose of the TK Workshop was to bring together TK experts from across the range of the Bathurst herd to discuss key issues, themes, concerns, and understandings related to the Bathurst caribou and their habitat.”
Government of the Northwest Territories (2016)

Usage: Non-commercial with attribution
Format: pdf

BathurstPeople

Biological status report of migratory caribou, Leaf River herd

A lengthy 2016 government of Quebec report on the Leaf River herd
Government of Quebec (2016)

Usage: Non-commercial with attribution
Format: pdf

Leaf River

Sample Sizes of Collared Barren-ground Caribou to Estimate Herd Size in Winter and Fall Management Areas to Allow Assesment of Harvest Risk

A 2016 academic paper that analyzes how many caribou it is necessary to collar to reliably define proportions of each herd in harvest areas in fall and winter. It concludes that at least 20 collars are required per herd.
Government of the Northwest Territories (2016)

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Format: pdf

Barren-groundManaging huntingHunting

caribou and community well-being (Gjoa Haven)

A web page with a variety of other resources centred on the link between the people of Gjoa Haven (Nunavut) and caribou. Resources on the page range from academic papers to a hand-drawn ink calendar showing the phases of local Inuit use of caribou.
Straight Up North (2016)

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Format: web

Beverly and QaminirjuaqBarren-groundAhiakBathurstLorillardWager BayPeople

Technical Report on Cape Bathurst, Bluenose-West and Bluenose-East Caribou Herds

A 90-page 2016 report presenting scientific knowledge and status of the Cape Bathurst, BluenoseWest and Bluenose-East caribou herds and gaps in knowledge.  One of two companion documents to "Taking Care of Caribou: The Cape Bathurst, Bluenose-West and Bluenose-East Caribou Herds Management Plan"
Government of the Northwest Territories (2016)

Caribou, water, and ice – fine-scale movements of a migratory arctic ungulate in the context of climate change

A 2016 academic paper suggesting that migratory caribou may have to increase their migration distances by 28% by the end of the century due to projected changes in freeze-up and break-up of freshwater ice.
(2016)

Usage: Attribution
Format: web

VADZAIH – cooking caribou from antler to hoof

A caribou cookbook produced by the Porcupine caribou management board
Porcupine Caribou Management Board (2016)

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Format: pdf

PorcupineBarren-ground

Distribution and abundance of Peary caribou (Rangifer tarandus pearyi) and muskoxen (Ovibos moschatus) on Devon Island, March 20

A poster from 2016 that talks about Peary caribou on Devon Island, although the focus is on Muskoxen numbers, and the potential to harvest more of them
Government of Nunavut (2016)


Format: pdf

Peary

We Live Here for Caribou

This 2016 report called “We Live Here For Caribou” is a medium length report on the Indigenous knowledge of elders and harvesters from Wekweti, a Tli’cho community in the Northwest Territories.It covers the Bathurst caribou herd and has long sections on changes in caribou that have been observed, including changes as a result of development. It concludes, “Contributors to the report unanimously identify the establishment of large-scale mines and associated industrial activities on the Bathurst caribou migration route and feeding grounds as the main factor behind caribou health defects and changes to their behaviour and migration.”
Tłı̨chǫ Government (2016)

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Format: pdf

Bathurst

Bathurst Caribou Range Plan Interim Discussion Document

A long 2016 document that was used as background for the development of the Bathurst Herd Range Plan. It includes a report from an Indigenous knowledge workshop on the herd. It also contains maps of current human disturbance of the herd, and projections for future human disturbance under different development scenarios.
Mackenzie Valley Review Board (2016)

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Format: pdf

Bathurst

The Wind Waits for No one (Master's Thesis)

Masters thesis by Fibbie Tatti from Sahtu, including Indigenous knowledge about caribou, some contained in traditional stories
University of Victoria (2015)

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Format: pdf

People

Review of post-2010 Literature on Human Effects on Barren-Ground Caribou: Focus on Traditional Knowledge, Western Science and Caribou Protection Measures

This 2015 report prepared for the Nunavut Wildlife management Board reviews both scientific and traditional knowledge sources published from 2010-2015 on the effects of human disturbance on barren-ground caribou. It is organized by looking at linear features (such as roads, power lines and pipelines), resource development infrastructure (such as buildings or open pit mines), and aircraft and vehicles. It concludes that, “The impact of development on caribou is usually not due to single roads, mines, cut-blocks or seismic lines; rather, it is the cumulative effect of many habitat alterations including disturbances over time that affects caribou numbers and distribution.”
(2015)

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Format: pdf

Barren-ground

Gwich'in Knowledge of Bluenose West Caribou

A 72-pge 2015 report by the Gwich'in Social and Cultural Institute on Gwich’in Traditional Knowledge of the Bluenose-West Caribou herd.
Gwich'in Renewable Resources Board (GRRB) (2015)

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Format: pdf

Bluenose WestPeople

NWMB Workshop Report: “Protecting Caribou and their Habitat”

This 2015 workshop report from the Nunavut Wildlife Management Board is on finding a balance between resource development and caribou in Nunavut. The report includes detailed information on the seasonal sensitivities for the different barren-ground caribou herds in Nunavut in Appendix A. Many of the files prepared for the workshop above with even more detailed information are available on the website of the Nunavut Wildlife Management Board.  
Nunavut Wildlife Management Board (NWMB) (2015)


Format: pdf

Human disturbance

Joint Management Proposal for Bathhurst Caribou

A 2015 joint management proposal for the Bathurst caribou herd developed by the Tlicho Government and the government of the Northwest Territories. The plan covers 2016 to 2019, and recommends no harvesting of the herd, wolf control, and better monitoring of the herd
Wekʼèezhìi Renewable Resources Board (WRRB) (2015)

What Happened to the Beverly Caribou Herd after 1994?

A 2015 paper that argues that the Ahiak herd may have absorbed the Beverly herd.
(2015)

Peary caribou and barren-ground caribou COSEWIC assessment and status report: chapter 10

This 2015 chapter from the Committee on the Status of Endangered Wildlife in Canada analyzes the available information on threats to Peary Caribou and barren-ground caribou
Environment and Climate Change Canada (2015)

Usage: Non-commercial with attribution
Format: web

Barren-groundPeary

COSEWIC Assessment and Status Report on the Peary Caribou Rangifer tarandus pearyi in Canada

A 2015 assessment and status report on Peary caribou from the Committee on the Status of Endangered Wildlife in Canada (COSEWIC).
Canadian Wildlife Service (CWS) (2015)


Format: pdf

Peary

FACT SHEET: Peary Caribou

A 2015 three-page fact sheet on Peary caribou produced by the Canadian government.
Environment and Climate Change Canada (2015)

Usage: Non-commercial with attribution
Format: pdf

Peary

Weather-based Indices of Parasitic Fly Activity and Abundance for the Bathurst Caribou Post-calving and Summer Range: Users Guide

A specialized 2014 report on the linkages between climate and levels of insects that bother caribou on the post-caling/summer range of the Bathurst Caribou herd.
Government of the Northwest Territories (2014)

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Format: pdf

BathurstNatural factors

Engaging Bluenose Caribou Communities

This lengthy 2014 report contain notes from all the community meetings that fed into the management plan for three herds (Bluenose-East and West and Cape Bathurst). It is the result of consultation sessions in 17 communities in the NWT and Nunavut. It contains much Indigneous knowledge about the caribou, but the report cautions that it “...should not be seen as a complete record of the traditional and community knowledge that exists about these caribou.”
Wekʼèezhìi Renewable Resources Board (WRRB) (2014)

We have been Living with the Caribou all our Lives: a report on information recorded during community meetings

A 196-page report from 2014 from The Advisory Committee for Cooperation on Wildlife Management (a collection of wildlife management/renewable resources boards from the NWT and Nunavut). This report details community input to a management plan for the Cape Bathurst, Bluenose-West, and Bluenose-East herds
Advisory Committee for Cooperation on Wildlife Management (2014)

The Cape Bathurst, Bluenose-West, and Bluenose-East Barren-ground Caribou Herds Management Plan

There is no management board for this herd, but there is a management plan. The plan was prepared under the authority of the Advisory Committee for Cooperation on Wildlife Management. This group brings together representatives of several renewable resources boards and committees in the NWT and Nunavut to address cross-boundary wildlife issues
Government of the Northwest Territories (2014)

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Format: pdf

BathurstBluenose WestBluenose EastBarren-ground

Aerial Survey of Peary Caribou and Muskoxen on Banks Island, July 2014

A 24-page report of an aerial survey of Peary caribou and muskoxen on Banks Island in the Inuvialuit Settlement Region of the Northwest Territories.
Government of the Northwest Territories (2014)

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Format: pdf

PearyBanks-VictoriaNatural factors

Taking Care of Caribou: The Cape Bathurst, Bluenose-West, and Bluenose-East Barren-ground Caribou Herds Management Plan

This 2014 management plan for three herds (Bluenose-East and West and Cape Bathurst) was created by the Advisory Committee for Cooperation on Wildlife Management (NWT). It says “While the immediate need for the plan was in response to reported declines in the herds, the intent is for the plan to address caribou management and stewardship over the long term. This plan was developed in consultation with most of the communities that harvest from the three herds.”
Government of the Northwest Territories (2014)

Traditional Knowledge: Barren-ground Caribou in the Northwest Territories

A 2013 report on traditional knowledge of caribou in the Northwest Territories. It covers topics including the peoples’ relationship to caribou, populations and abundance, threats, and management.
(2013)

FINAL REPORT of the Panel for the Substituted Environmental Impact Review of the Hamlet of Tuktoyaktuk, Town of Inuvik and GNWT - Proposal to Construct the Inuvik to Tuktoyaktuk Highway

A long 2013 environmental impact assessment report on the construction of the Inuvik to Tuktoyaktuk highway. The consideration of impacts on caribou, and board recommendations on dealing with these impacts begins on page 93.
Impact Assessment Agency of Canada (2013)

Working together for Baffin Island Caribou

A brief 2013 workshop report which examines the causes and impacts of the decline of caribou on Baffin Island, and suggests some management measures.
Government of Nunavut (2013)

Beverly and Qamanirjuaq Caribou Management Plan 2013-2022

A 117-page plan published in 2014, that lays out management for the Beverly and Qamanirjuaq herds. There are also shorter summary versions of this plan available on the management board's website.
Beverly and Qamanirjuaq Caribou Management Board (2013)

Usage: Non-commercial with attribution
Format: web

Beverly and QaminirjuaqManaging huntingManaging predatorsRange management

Ways We Respect Caribou: Teetł’it Gwich’in Rules

This 2013 academic paper is based on interviews with elders and hunters of the Teetł’it Gwich’in (Fort McPherson, NWT). It discusses rules governing caribou hunting as described by the elders, and compares that to the knowledge of younger hunters about these rules. It shows that younger hunters have a simpler, but similar understanding of the rules
University of Alberta (2013)

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Format: pdf

People

Invasion, establishment, and range expansion of two parasitic nematodes in the Canadian Arctic.

This 2013 academic paper links increasing lungworm incidence in caribou to warming weather.
University of Calgary (2013)

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Format: web

Banks-Victoria

Renewing our traditional laws through joint ekwǫ (caribou) management

This 2012 publication is adapted from remarks by Yellowknives Dene hunter Fred Sangris. He covers many subjects including the relationship of Dene to the caribou, traditional laws governing relations with caribou, threats to caribou, and management issues
Rangifer (2012)

Usage: Non-commercial with attribution
Format: pdf

Forty Mile Caribou in the Dawson Region

A 30-page report from 2012 on the Yukon portion of the herd’s range. It includes discussion of the potential impacts of forest fires.
Yukon Department of Environment (2012)


Format: pdf

Fortymile

Migratory tundra caribou seasonal and annual distribution relative to Thaidene Nene

Brief 2011 report on the use of Thaidene Nene National Park (NWT) by the Ahiak and Bathurst herds
Parks Canada (2011)


Format: pdf

AhiakBathurst

Biomagnification of Perfluorinated Compounds in a Remote Terrestrial Food Chain: Lichen-Caribou-Wolf

The biomagnification behavior of perfluorinated carboxylates (PFCAs) and perfluorinated sulfonates (PFSAs) was studied in terrestrial food webs consisting of lichen and plants, caribou, and wolves from two remote northern areas in Canada. Six PFCAs with eight to thirteen carbons and perfluorooctane sulfonate (PFOS) were regularly detected in all species.
(2011)

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Format: pdf

PorcupineBathurstContaminants

Observation of Arctic island barren-ground caribou (Rangifer tarandus groenlandicus) migratory movement delay due to human induced sea-ice breaking

A short 2013 paper on observations of the behaviour of the Dolphin and Union Herd when confronted by a channel on their migration route over sea ice kept open by an icebreaker. The paper says, “The addition of new stress during the fall migration through anthropogenic disruption of the sea-ice formation could have cumulative impacts on the herd with unknown consequences for the herd survival.”
Government of Nunavut (2011)

Usage: Non-commercial with attribution
Format: pdf

PearyDolphin and Union

Assessing risk of mercury exposure and nutritional benefits of consumption of caribou (Rangifer tarandus) in the Vuntut Gwitchin First Nation community of Old Crow, Yukon, Canada

The contamination of traditional foods with chemical pollutants is a challenge to the food security ofAboriginal Peoples.
(2011)

Usage: On request
Format: pdf

PorcupinePeopleContaminants

Population Ecology of Caribou Populations without Predators: Southampton and Coats Island Herds

This paper is a review of the ecology of two caribou populations inhabiting predator-free northern islands, Coats and Southampton Island.
(2011)

Usage: On request
Format: pdf

Coats IslandSouthampton IslandNatural factors

Living with Caribou

A 16 page report published in 2010 that talks about the documentation of traditional knowledge of caribou in the Sahtu region of the Northwest Territories from 2005-2010. It talks about the values of collecting such knowledge, and about the nature of the knowledge that was gathered, and how it was used
Wekʼèezhìi Renewable Resources Board (WRRB) (2010)

Usage: Non-commercial with attribution
Format: pdf

People

Kivallirmiut (Caribou Inuit)

An online encyclopaedia article, updated in 2016, on the Kivallirmiut (Caribou Inuit) who live in the Kivalliq region of Nunavut. These people were different from other Canadian Inuit in that they relied mostly on caribou instead of coastal resources.
Various (2010)

Usage: Non-commercial with attribution
Format: web

People

Denésoliné (Chipewyan) Knowledge of Barren-Ground Caribou (Rangifer tarandus groenlandicus) Movements

An academic paper from 2010 on the Indigenous knowledge of caribou from elders and hunters in Lutsel K’e in the Northwest Territories. Forest fires, mining development, and failure to comply with traditional practices are all noted as influences on caribou abundance.
Lutsel K'e Dene First Nation (2010)

Usage: Non-commercial with attribution
Format: pdf

Barren-groundPeople

Three Decades of Caribou Recovery Programs in Yukon: A Paradigm Shift in Wildlife Management

A relatively brief paper published by the Yukon government in 2009, it summarizes the experience of the managing five different Yukon herds (mostly non-migratory). It suggests that both harvest management and wolf management have been effective methods, and emphasises that managing impacts on herds, such as development and harvest impacts are preferable to costly recovery programs
Yukon Department of Environment (2009)

CAFF Voices Project

A series of many lengthy wide-ranging interviews on video ( average about 25 minutes) with individuals in communities dependent on caribou. The videos were shot in 2008. Canadian communities involved were: Old Crow (Yukon); Arviat (Nunavut); Lutsel K’e and Wekweti (NWT)
CAFF (2008)


Format: video

People

Sea-ice crossings by caribou in the south-central Canadian Arctic Archipelago and their ecological importance

An academic paper from 2005 that looks at the movements of peary caribou between islands, and between islands and the mainland. The paper speculates that a shorter sea ice season driven by climate change, and increased shipping around the Arctic islands accompanied by ice-breaking could both lead to losses of island caribou.
Canadian Wildlife Service (CWS) (2005)

Usage: Non-commercial with attribution
Format: pdf

Peary

Being Caribou

This one hour and twelve minute 2004 video follows a couple who follow the migration of the Porcupine caribou herd. It was prompted by the threat of development in the calving grounds of the caribou
National Film Board (2004)

Usage: Non-commercial with attribution
Format: video

Porcupine

The Flux of Trust: Caribou Co-Management in Northern Canada

An academic paper from 2003 that looks at aspects of co-management of caribou, largely based on the writer’s experience in Lutsel K’e in the Northwest Territories. It emphasises the need for Indigenous knowledge to be properly integrated into management decisions, and the need for trust between participants in co-management.
Inuit Tapiriit Kanatami (ITK) (2003)

Usage: Non-commercial with attribution
Format: pdf

People

Dogrib Knowledge on Placenames, Caribou and Habitat

A long 2002 paper on Dogrib (Tlicho) place names. It discusses how caribou are embedded in many place names.
Government of the Northwest Territories (2002)

Usage: Non-commercial with attribution
Format: pdf

People

Project Caribou - Beverly and Qamanirjuaq

An educator's guide to wild caribou of North America
Yukon Department of Environment (2000)

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Format: pdf

Beverly and Qaminirjuaq

Polychlorinated dibenzodioxins, dibenzofurans and non-ortho substituted polychlorinated biphenyls in caribou (Rangifer tarandus) from the Canadian Arctic

The presence of contaminants in the Arctic environment has raised concerns regarding levels in wildlife and possible effects on the health of wildlife populations. In addition, contaminants in wild foods are of particular concern to those people who rely on these foodstuffs for a significant portion of their diet. Among the most toxic contaminants found in the environment are the polychlorinated dibenzo-p-dioxins (PCDDs), polychlorinated dibenzofurans (PCDFs) and non-ortho substituted polychlorinated biphenyls (NOPCBs).
(1995)

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Format: pdf

BathurstSouthampton IslandContaminants

Cadmium in caribou and muskoxen from the Canadian Yukon and Northwest Territories

Cadmium, zinc, copper and metallothionein concentrations were measured in liver and kidney tissue of caribou and muskoxen collected from various sites in the Canadian Yukon and Northwest Territories. Cadmium concentrations in caribou tissues were substantially higher than in muskoxen for all age classes and were comparable to concentrations reported for caribou from northern Quebec and Norway.
Canadian Wildlife Service (CWS) (1994)

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Format: pdf

PorcupineBeverly and QaminirjuaqBarren-groundContaminants

A review of Fire Management on Forested Range of the Beverly and Qamanirjuaq Herd of Caribou

This 1994 report from the Beverly and Qamanirjuaq Caribou Management Board discusses fire management issues on the forested part of the herds’ ranges.
Beverly and Qamanirjuaq Caribou Management Board (1994)

Usage: Non-commercial with attribution
Format: pdf

Beverly and Qaminirjuaq

Mushuau Innu learn to hunt caribou in Labrador

A 26 minute video produced by CBC program "Land and Sea" about Mushuau Innu living in Labrador, with a focus on their relationship with caribou. The video is entirely narrated, and dated in style and terminology, but shows some traditional hunting practices.
CBC (1979)

Usage: Non-commercial with attribution
Format: video

Eastern MigratoryPeople

Caribou of Northern Canada

This 1971 13 minute film from the Canadian Wildlife Service has some dated information, but good basic information on the lifecycle of the barren-ground caribou.
Canadian Wildlife Service (CWS) (1971)

Usage: Non-commercial with attribution
Format: video

Barren-ground

Tuktu- 10- The Caribou Hunt

A 1968 National Film Board of Canada production, this 14 minute film shows traditional caribou hunting techniques of the Netsilik Inuit
National Film Board (1968)

Usage: Non-commercial with attribution
Format: video

Managing huntingPeople

At the Caribou Crossing Place: Part 1

This 1971 30 minute film follows a Netsilik Inuit family from Pelly Bay (now Kugaaruk) in Nunavut, including skinning caribou. There is no narration or subtitles, the whole piece is in the local dialect of Inuktitut. A second part shows a group of men building inuksuit (stone figures) to help herd the caribou toward the water, where they are speared
National Film Board (1967)

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Format: video

People

At the Caribou Crossing Place: Part 2

This 1971 30 minute film follows a Netsilik Inuit family from Pelly Bay (now Kugaaruk) in Nunavut, including skinning caribou. There is no narration or subtitles, the whole piece is in the local dialect of Inuktitut. A second part shows a group of men building inuksuit (stone figures) to help herd the caribou toward the water, where they are speared
National Film Board (1967)

Usage: Non-commercial with attribution
Format: video

People

Bathurst Caribou Range Plan - Response

A response by Canadian Arctic Resources Committee to the Bathurst Herd Range Plan
Canadian Arctic Resources Committee (CARC)

Usage: Non-commercial with attribution
Format: web

BathurstManaging huntingManaging predatorsRange management

Barren-ground Caribou in the NWT: Bathurst herd

This is a two-page fact sheet on the herd from the Government of the Northwest Territories. Undated but recent.
Government of the Northwest Territories


Format: pdf

Bathurst

FACT SHEET: Fortymile Caribou Herd

A five-page undated fact sheet on the herd, concentrating on the Indigenous knowledge of the Tr’ondëk Hwëch’in First Nation
Tr'ondëk Hwëch'in Heritage Sites

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Format: pdf

FortymilePeople

10 traditional protocols of caribou hunting

This five-page document provides ten protocols for hunting caribou as described by the Dënesųłıné (Chipewyan) people, and include commentary from elders to help explain the protocols.


Format: pdf

People

Barren-ground co-management in the Northwest Territories

This 20-page document from the Government of the Northwest Territories gives an overview of how co-management bodies in the NWT participate in management of the nine barren-ground caribou herds found in the territory.
Government of the Northwest Territories

Enhanced North Slave Wolf Harvest Incentive Program

The enhanced North Slave wolf harvest program run by the Government of the Northwest Territories in the range of the Bathurst and Bluenose-East caribou herds.
Government of the Northwest Territories

Education Resources and Teacher Tools: Caribou for the Future

These undated resources are focused on the Beverly and Qamanirjuaq herds, but a lot of the information would be transferable to other migratory herds. There are three poster/fact sheet/video units covering respectful harvesting, harvest reporting, and cumulative effects (of factors that influence caribou decline). There are also contests and other information for students that live in the caribou range.  
Beverly and Qamanirjuaq Caribou Management Board

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Format: web

Beverly and QaminirjuaqPeople

Peary Caribou

An undated two page fact sheet from the Government of Nunavut, in English and Inuktitut.
Government of Nunavut

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Format: pdf

Peary

Hunting caribou in the fall

A 4':05" video on traditional knowledge of Inuit regarding hunting caribou in the fall. In Inuktitut with English subtitles.
Government of Nunavut

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Format: video

Managing hunting

Frequently Asked Questions: The Porcupine caribou and development in ANWR

An undated recent “frequently asked questions” document from the Yukon Government on the opening up of the Arctic National Wildlife Refuge (calving ground of the Porcupine caribou herd) to industrial development.
Yukon Department of Environment

Barren-ground Caribou

A website giving information on the barren-ground herds in the NWT.
Government of the Northwest Territories

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Format: web

Barren-ground

FACT SHEET: Satellite collaring barren ground caribou

A 2-page fact sheet from the Government of the Northwest Territories explaining the use of radio collars on caribou.
Government of the Northwest Territories

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Format: pdf

Beverly and QaminirjuaqBathurstBluenose WestBluenose East

Moccasins on the Ground

Lutsel K'e Dene First Nation

Traditional animal foods of Indigenous Peoples of northern North America

A website compiling several sources, mostly academic papers, that deal with the importance of caribou as a resource for Indigenous peoples. It includes information on: hunting practices; preferred parts and preparation of caribou as food; Beliefs and taboos, and other (non-food) uses made of caribou. It covers several First Nations and Inuit regions.
McGill University

Usage: Non-commercial with attribution
Format: web

People